Solar eclipse on Mars
Imagine you are on Mars and you see this event with your own eyes.
Rover “Perseverance” in Ezero Crater observed how the potato-shaped moon Phobos passed against the background of the sun.
Phobos Perseverance also filmed a high-resolution camera with the Mastcam-Z; According to NASA, this is the highest resolution video ever taken from the surface of Mars for a solar eclipse.
The solar eclipse on Mars occurred on April 2, 2022 and lasted 40 seconds. Fortunately, Persevers managed to film the event.
Phobos eclipses the sun much shorter than the Earth’s moon because Phobos is about 157 times smaller than our moon.
Camera The Mastcam-Z has a special solar filter that allows it to watch the sun directly. The video is so high resolution that even spots can be seen on the surface of the sun.
Scientists say each observation of a solar eclipse on Mars allows them to measure the slightest change over the time of the Phobos orbit.
The tensile force of Phobos attracts the red planet’s entrails, as well as its crust and mantle. Consequently, the change in the orbit of Phobos over time tells us how durable the bark and mantle are, as well as what kind of materials they are made of.
Prepared according to nasa.gov.